Perceptions Limited by the Theory of Phenomena
The highly tuned cosmos - out of which living things come forth and are sustained - is not tuned and no longer perceived to be good. Since the cosmos is not good, the life which springs forth from the cosmos is not intrinsically good. The Aristotelian perception identifying evil as a defect in either the agent (cause) or in the effect (receiver of that cause) preventing perfect participation in the good is strictly directed by the atheist to the agent (cause) God.
Since God cannot exist, the atheist is compelled to conclude that randomness governs and answers the cause of genetic flaws. The atheist is then compelled to put forth multiplied assumptions, conditions, causes, and events necessary to bring forth complex forms of life in contradiction to the principle of parsimony. The simpler explanation that God acts perfectly as the primary cause, but needs nature’s activity as secondary cause, is not considered. God could, of course, produce the effects of nature without nature, but nevertheless wills them to be done through nature so that “order” be and remain preserved in all things.
In essence, God wills to respect created freedom in nature and the free will of man and woman; both goods which have the potential of expressing diminished goodness (evil). Evil as such is incidental to the good which is creation. Instead, the atheistic response to the problem of evil is similar to those of the Sophists, to whom Aristotle responded, “Sophistic thought is nothing by apparent wisdom and in no wise real…” Sacred Scripture identifies such a perceptive condition as foolish. “The fool says in his heart there is no God.” (Ps.14:1) The alternative and preferred approach to the problem of evil is one which embraces a noumenal approach integrating both faith and reason.
In the beginning, God creates both the visible and invisible from nothing (ex nihilo). God actualizes the created potent material and shapes the various non-living and living things (suns, stars, planets, air, water, plants, fish, birds, animals, and humans). What God shapes into “being” is identified by God as “good” since created “being(ness)” participates in His “being” and His goodness. The summit of this visible creation is man and woman made in God’s image and likeness; possessing an intellect to know the truth, the power of the will to choose the good, and bodies to physically express love, to be fruitful, and experience happiness with all their perceptive and spiritual senses.
God blesses man and woman with the command to be fruitful and multiply and have dominion over the earth. God rests from His works on the 7th day and identifies everything as “very good.” The expression “very good” identifies the philosophical principle that “the whole” is greater than “the parts.” God’s rest on the 7th day identifies a covenantal bond of love between God and His creation. Man and woman were created with the animals on the 6th day and created for eternal communion with God on the 7th day, provided the intellect and the will respond in love.
The immediate fruit of their actions was a loss of integrity; the power of intellect and will began to serve their passions, a condition similarly described by Socrates and Plato identifying evil within the human condition as being the result of innate man forgetting the “forms of the good” and through this ignorance, man's intellect and spirit irrationally serves the appetite (body).
Thus the rational order of things is lost leading to grave forms of injustice. As a result, man and woman observed they were naked and hid in fear and shame. This fallen condition was passed on to their descendants -- genetically, socially, and spiritually. Evil in the form of sin (to miss the mark) entered into the world. “God did not make death, and he does not delight in the death of the living…But by the envy of the adversary (devil), death entered the world, and they who are allied with him experience it.”  (Wisd. of Sol. 2:24)
God takes on the responsibility since He is the 1st cause of all things which exist. This Christian message of redemption, sanctification, and parousia (return) of Jesus Christ enabled St. Augustine to understand: “Since God is the highest good, He would not allow any evil to exist in his own works, unless His omnipotence and goodness where such as to bring good even out of evil.” This reality is a demonstration of the infinite goodness of God, that he should allow evil to exist (which does not possess power in itself), and out of it produce good (which does possess power in itself). God does exist and in the pages of Sacred Scripture, and Human History evil is shown to be limited by the God’s Providence.
There is not a linear past, present, and future sequence of events in the mind of God; all things are present to the mind of God in a timeless manner. Jesus identified this omniscience by stating the following: “Your heavenly Father knows what you need even before you ask him.” (Matt. 6:8) Omnipotence means the ability to perform all things possible. With infinite power God could always create something better. But with infinite wisdom and goodness, God freely willed to a create world “in a state of journeying” towards ultimate perfection. As such, nothing escapes the wisdom of God as He guides all things toward their final end, including the end of evil.
Susie Waldstein captures this observation from within Sacred Scripture, writing, “God has created all things by his wisdom. ‘O Lord, how manifest are your works! In wisdom you have made them all.’ (Ps. 104: 24). God has ordered all things by his wisdom. ‘Against wisdom evil does not prevail. She reaches mightily from one end of the world to the other, and she orders all things well.’” (Wisd. of Sol. 7:30- 8:1)
Human virtues of courage, truth, goodness, mercy, and justice (forms of the good) persevered. Consider the absolute irony; both systems (Nazism and Communism) sought to end the existence of Judaism and Christianity within Europe, Russia and eventually the World. Both powers occupied the Catholic country of Poland. In spite of such intent and evil, the Jewish nation of Israel, after 2000 years, was established and a Polish pope was elected to the Chair of St. Peter in Rome. This Polish pope visited his native homeland Poland and publicly supported the Solidarity Movement which contributed to the end of Communist occupation and repression in Poland and Eastern Europe. Only the blind would miss the irony of these two events.